March 17, 2010

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  Plants discover the benefits of good neighbors in strategy against herbivores

Life Science News

Scandinavian Scientists have discovered that a species of tree defends itself from herbivore attack by using chemicals emitted by neighboring plants. The study, published in New Phytologist, reveals how a species of birch tree adsorbs chemical compounds from neighboring marsh tea plants, Rhondodendron tomentosum, in a unique “defense by neighbor strategy.”

The team from Finland, led by Prof. Jarmo Holopainen from the University of Eastern Finland, were conducting studies into emissions of forest and peat land plants when they discovered previously unreported compounds for mountain birch from their foliage emissions. The compounds were emitted by a species of rhododendron growing nearby.

“It is well known that many plant species start to emit chemical compounds after damage by herbivores,” said the co-author Dr. Sari Himanen, from Agrifood Research Finland. “In an earlier study we accessed the compounds emitted from mountain birch following Moth feeding damage and we found that some of the trees growing next to Rhondodendron tomentosum also emitted residual amounts of the compounds ledene, ledol and palustrol. This resulted in the idea to experimentally test whether these sticky semivolatiles could actually protect neighboring birch trees from the attention of attacking herbivores such as feeding moths. Based on experimentation in the field, in a natural habitat and in the laboratory, we discovered that a novel, potentially also ecologically meaningful effect for neighbor-emitted foliage-adsorbed semi-volatiles might take place in a boreal environment.”

Plant emissions can have several roles, including the attraction or deterrence of herbivores. Some cause an indirect defense by attracting a herbivorous natural enemy, but it is extraordinary for one plant to benefit directly from another plant’s emissions.

The study also seems to confirm Scandinavian folklore which held that rhododendrons can be used to protect clothes.

“In earlier times branches of R. tomentosum were collected and put together with woolly winter clothes for summer storage in the attic,” said Professor Holopainen. “Clothes and furs adopted the distinctive smell and were also protected against damage from clothes moths and fur moths.”

“Our results show that interactions between species through emissions are a good example of the ecological effects that need to be considered more from a plant community than from a individual plant point of view” concluded Himanen. “Passive adsorption of compounds by a neighboring plant might be an important, but understudied, way for these compounds to act in a natural environment and could be an important factor in plant fitness and species distribution.”



Electron microscopy enabled researchers to see for the first time how a bacteria that kills grape vines is able to move through the plants at the cell level. (Photos courtesy of Texas AgriLife Research)
Microscopic photography reveals bacteria destroying cell wall in wine grape vines

By Kathleen Phillips
Texas AgriLife Extension Service

Like a band of detectives surveying the movement of a criminal, researchers using photographic technology have caught at least one culprit in the act. In this case, electron microscopy was used to watch a deadly bacteria breakdown cell walls in wine grape plants — an image that previously had not been witnessed. The study will be published in Botany.

“Basically, we’ve been interested in determining how the bacteria moves,” said Dr. B. Greg Cobb, Texas AgriLife Research plant physiologist in College Station. “How do they go from one part of the plant to another?”

The death of wine grape plants from Pierce’s Disease is a serious threat to wineries from Texas to California, Cobb noted, and no one has been able to stop or reverse the effects of the bacteria that is injected into the vines by an insect known as the glassy-winged sharpshooter.

The bacteria that causes Pierce’s Disease, Xylella fastidiosa, colonizes a plant over a period of time causing it to weaken and die.

“It can be a matter of a few years or more quickly, but plants tend to stop producing before they die, so growers will pull them out of a vineyard,” Cobb said.

Cobb and his team of researchers zeroed in on the “matchstick” effect of Pierce’s Disease. Plants suffering from the disease drop their leaves, but the petiole — or stem that connects a leaf to the vine — remains, resembling a matchstick. This occurs over the length of the vine no matter where the initial insect injection occurred, Cobb explained.

“We’ve been looking at that area because we think that is a very important indicator of Pierce’s Disease, but it also indicates that something is going on there,” he explained.

The xylem of a plant is like a pipe with a spring in it which transports nourishing water to various parts of the plant. The bacteria that causes Pierce’s Disease, Xylella fastidiosa, moves through the plant in this way.

“What is happening is that the bacteria is actually able to degrade and move through these very thin parts of the cell wall between the xylem elements,” Cobb said. “You can actually see them in the 'pit membranes' that are the borders between adjacent cell walls.”

The researchers focused the electron microscope at 100,000th of a millimeter along the pit membrane. The membrane normally blocks larger particles from passing through the pits that are located in the xylem, but high-level photographs show the bacteria breaking down the membrane in order to get through the plant.

Cobb said the study examined syrah and cabernet sauvignon plants because they have been known to be impacted by Pierce’s Disease. In the field, they selected leaves that were still viable but had some “scorching” or water stress which indicated the disease was present.

“Then we isolated that very small part at the pit membrane and down the stem or petiole and looked at the xylem there,” Cobb said. “To basically see the breakdown of the pit membranes had not been seen before."

Water stress contributes to the death of the Pierce’s Disease-infected plant, he added, but it may not be the only factor.

With this information and the photographs to illustrate the process, Cobb’s team continues to study the disease in hopes of figuring out what could be done to help an infected plant live longer.

The two-year research effort was supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.


The compost heap
Goji berries

"Where can I get more info on 'Crimson Star' goji berries, that were mentioned in Seeds (''Crimson Star' goji berry,' March 10, 2010)?" writes Edwin Smith.

Searching the Internet using Google or another search engine will lead you to several sources of information about goji berry. Unfortunately, many of the sources we discovered are unreliable and we don't feel confident that the many health benefits claimed for goji berries on these sites are entirely accurate. If you wish to purchase starter plants, one source is Logee's Tropical Plants at http://www.logees.com/prodinfo.asp?number=R2127-4. — Michael Bracken, editor


 

Gardening tips

"I grow my own tomato and pepper plants," writes Edwin Smith. "When I pot them up and want to harden them off, I move them outside in a large, clear storage container. I have the lid raised with a small board. I can adjust it from slightly open to no cover. At night I may close the lid. If it is going to freeze I move it inside."

Have a favorite gardening tip you’d like to share? Texas Gardener’s Seeds is seeking brief gardening tips from Texas gardeners to use in future issues. If we publish your tip in Seeds, we will send you a free copy of Texas Gardener's 2010 Planning Guide & Calendar. Please send your tips of 50 words or less to the editor at: Gardening Tips.


Did You Know...

The most common causes of pecan tree transplant failure include lack of soil drainage, failure to settle soil around roots, lack of water, failure to control weeds, placing fertilizer in the hole with newly planted tree, allowing roots to dry before transplanting and herbicide damages. (Courtesy Womack Nursery Co., Deleon, Texas)


Upcoming garden events.

If you would like your organization’s events included in "Upcoming Garden Events," please contact us at Garden Events. To ensure inclusion in this column, please provide complete details at least three weeks prior to the event.

Houston: Urban Harvest continues its Food For Thought series, a cycle of panel discussions on today’s hot topics that support growing and eating locally. The panels are lead by local and regional experts, and are scheduled for the third Wednesday of each month. The fifth panel discussion — Growing Gourmet Vegetables — will be Wednesday, March 17, from 6:30 p.m. until 8:30 p.m. in the Multipurpose Room of the Oberholtzer Residence Hall. 108 Oberholtzer Hall, University of Houston, Central Campus, Houston. Learn about the latest, greatest vegetable varieties to plant this spring. The panel will feature farmers and chefs who are passionate about their favorite vegetable varieties to plant and eat. This panel discussion will be interactive in nature, so attendees are encouraged to bring questions. This event is free and open to the public. For directions, visit www.urbanharvest.org.

New Braunfels: Kent Rylander will speak about "Bird Song, Bird Behavior, and Human Speech" at the monthly meeting of the Lindheimer Chapter of Texas Master Naturalists, Thursday, March 18, beginning at 7 p.m. The meeting will be held at the AgriLife Building, 325 Resource Drive (behind the recycle center), New Braunfels. Now retired, Rylander spent many years in the Department of Biological Science at Texas Tech University, was the founding editor of the Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society, and is the author of The Behavior of Texas Birds (University of Texas Press, 2002). For additional information, contact Judy Brupbacher at thebrups@hotmail.com.

Tomball: Chef Chris Crowder & Ann Wheeler, Log House Herbs, host “An Evening with Chef Chris and Ann," Friday, March 19, 6:30 p.m. at The Arbor Gate, 15635 FM 2920, Tomball. From the garden to the kitchen, Ann and Chris combine their talents preparing culinary treats. For additional information, visit www.arborgate.com or call (281) 351-8851.

Conroe: The Montgomery County Master Gardeners Spring Plant Sale will be held from 9 a.m. until 1 p.m., Saturday, March 20, at 9020 FM 1484, Conroe. Beginning at 8 a.m., County Horticulturalist Tom LeRoy will discuss sale items. Seating is limited. For additional information, call (936) 539-7824.

San Antonio: The Native Plant Society of Texas will present "Native San Antonio" from 9 a.m. until 2 p.m., Saturday, March 20, at Eisenhower Park, 19399 NW Military Drive, San Antonio. Events include presentations by Judit Green, Howard Peak, Phil Hardberger, and Dave Barrett; a tree giveaway; a native plant sale and exchange; and much more. For additional information, contact D. J. Edwards Jr. at djedwardshomes@yahoo.com or (210) 824-3556.

Tomball: Seth Knight, retire Professor of Horticulture, will discuss “Bugs, The Good and The Bad,” Saturday, March 20, 10 a.m. at The Arbor Gate, 15635 FM 2920, Tomball. Learn to tell the good guys from the bad guys as well as control options available. For additional information, visit www.arborgate.com or call (281) 351-8851.

San Antonio: The Native Plant Society San Antonio Chapter will meet Tuesday, March 23 at 7:00 p.m. in the Lions Field Adult & Senior Center, 2809 Broadway at E. Mulberry, San Antonio. Guest speaker Tom Castano will discuss harvesting fibers from Texas native plant to make useful items and craft projects. This meeting is free and open to the public. Social and seed/plant exchange at 6:30 p.m. For more information, contact Bea at (210) 999-7292 or visit www.npsot.org/sanantonio.

Tomball: Dr. David Creech, Regents Professor of Horticulture, Stephen F Austin University, will discuss “Fifty Plants You Shouldn’t Live Without,” Tuesday, March 23, 10 a.m. at The Arbor Gate, 15635 FM 2920, Tomball. Dr. Creech, respected horticulturalist, will share 50 rare and unusual plants and then auction after the presentation. . For additional information, visit www.arborgate.com or call (281) 351-8851.

Bonham: The 2010 Garden, Lawn and Home Expo will be held Saturday, March 27, from 8:30 a.m. until 4 p.m. at the Multi-Purpose Complex, 700 FM 87 at Hwy 56 West, Bonham. Speakers include Kimberlly Schofield, Beneficial Arthropods; Steve Upson, Home orchard and small fruit production; Dr. Dotty Woodson, Plants that beat the heat and keep blooming; and Dr. Greg Church, Dinner from the dirt. Vendors, lunch and refreshments provided by the Fannin Co. 4-H, children's activities, silent auction and door prizes throughout the day. $4.00 admission. For more information, visit http://grovesite.com/mg/fcmg.

Rockport: The Aransas/San Patricio Master Gardeners will hold their spring plant sale from 9 a.m. until 1 p.m., Saturday, March 27, at Green Acres, 611 E. Mimosa, Rockport. In the event of rain, the event will be postponed until April 3. For additional information, call (361) 790-0103 or visit http://aransas-tx.tamu.edu.

Tyler: The East Texas Orchid Society will host "The Golden Age of Orchids Show," 11 a.m. until 6 p.m., Saturday, March 27, and noon until 4 p.m., Sunday, March 28, at Discovery Science Place Annex, 302 N. Broadway, Tyler. For additional information, visit www.centraleasttexasorchidsociety.org.

Waxahachie: The Ellis County Master Gardeners will hold their 10th Annual Lawn & Garden Expo on Saturday, March 27, from 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. at the Waxahachie Civic Center, IH-35E and 287 Bypass. Neil Sperry will be the keynote speaker. More than 100 exhibitors will be selling and promoting lawn and garden-related products. Ellis Master Gardeners will hold workshops throughout the day, and there will be a children's workshop area and door prizes. For additional information, visit www.ecmga.com or call (972) 825-5175.

Houston: Dr. Douglas Tallamy, author of Bringing Nature Home, will speak in Hamman Hall, Rice University, on Wednesday, March 31. The event begins with a social at 6:30 p.m. Tallamy's lecture begins at 7 p.m., followed by a panel discussion from 8 until 8:30 p.m. For parking information, visit http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~hamman/parking.htm. For additional information, call Houston Audubon, (713) 932-1693.

Rockport-Fulton: Presented by the Rockport Herb & Rose Study Group, the Sixth Rockport Herb Festival will be held Saturday, April 3, from 8:30 a.m. until 3:30 p.m., with programs starting at 9 a.m., at the Paws & Taws Fulton Convention Center, 402 N. Fulton Beach Road, Rockport-Fulton. For more information, visit www.rockportherbs.org.

Kemah: Paula Kennedy will present "Migrating Birds" at the Kemah-Bay Area Garden Club meeting Wednesday, April 7 at 9:30 a.m. at the Jimmie Walker Community Center, 800 Harris Ave., Kemah. Light refreshments will be served. The public is invited. For more information, contact Mary Ellen Chapman, at (281) 559-1912.

Austin: Cool Plants for the Shade Garden is a free, in-the-garden discussion to be held Friday, April 9, from 9 a.m. until 11 a.m. in the Demonstration Garden at AgriLife Extension Office of Travis County, 1600B Smith Rd., Austin. See some of the shade loving plants growing and learn about other perennials and annuals which require limited sun. This seminar is free and open to the public. It is presented by the Travis County Master Gardeners Association, a volunteer arm of the Texas AgriLife Extension Service in Travis County. For information, visit http://www.tcmastergardeners.org or call the Travis County Master Gardener's help desk at (512) 854-9600.

Quitman: The Governor Hogg Park Arboretum and Botanical Gardens. 100 Gov. Hogg Parkway. Quitman, will host a Plant Sale and Dogwood Fiesta Saturday, April 10, at 9 a.m. and is over when the plants are gone. Find new, uncommon and Texas-tough perennials, ornamental grasses, hanging baskets, exotic plants and natives. For more information, visit www.woodcountyarboretum.com or call Pam Riley (903) 466-4327.

Pearland: The Harris County Master Gardener Association will present a program on WaterSmart Landscapes, Tuesday, April 13, from 6:30 p.m. until 9 p.m., at Bass Pro Shops, Highway 288 at the Sam Houston Tollway, Pearland. For more information, visit, http://hcmgap2.tamu.edu .

San Antonio: Sandy Ross and Kathy Carroll will discuss plant propagation and give demonstrations on semi-hardwood and root cuttings at the The Guadalupe County (Schertz/Seguin) Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meeting 7 p.m., Tuesday, April 13, at the Antique Rose Emporium, 7561 E. Evans Road, San Antonio. For additional information, contact quadalupecounty@npsot.org.

Hermann Park: The Houston Urban Gardeners will meet at 6:30 p.m., Wednesday, April 14, at the Houston Garden Center in Hermann Park. Dianne Norman with Wabash Antiques and Feed Store will talk about "What to Plant NOW." For additional information, visit www.houstonurbangardeners.org.

Beaumont: The Jefferson County Master Gardeners will host their annual spring plant sale and Market Day April 17, from 8 a.m. until 2 p.m. at the Southeast Texas Regional Airport, Hangar #4, Jerry Ware Drive, Beaumont. This event is the largest of its kind in the Golden Triangle, complete with vendors of all kinds and, of course, a huge plant sale. Gardening seminars are offered free of charge and Master Gardeners are on hand to answer questions and to help you choose the right plants for your landscape. For more information, call (490) 835-8461.

Georgetown: Spring Garden Fair, sponsored by the Williamson County Master Gardeners, will be held Saturday, April 17, from 9 a.m. until 2 p.m. at the Extension Office, 3151 Inner Loop Road, Georgetown.

Granbury: Lake Granbury Master Gardener's Annual Plant Sale will be held Saturday, April 17, from 8 a.m. until 2 p.m. at Hewlett Park Pavilion, Granbury, across from the Conference Center. All of your favorite plants will be offered as well as some new items. Mini seminars will be presented by Master Gardeners and will include drawings for prizes. For more information, contact the Hood County AgriLife Extension office at (817) 579-3280.

Austin: The AgriLife Extension Office of Travis County, 1600 B Smith Road, Austin, will host "Plant Propagation" from 1 a.m. until 11 a.m., April 17. Learning how to propagate from existing plants is a great way to populate your garden or pass along your favorites to friends. This seminar covers various propagation methods including cuttings, layering, and division, and help you overcome that fear of starting plants from seeds. The seminar will be part presentation, part participation so class size is limited to 30 participants. Please call the Master Gardener Help Desk at (512) 854-9600 to reserve your place. Participants must also bring scissors and an empty, clear plastic, 2-liter soda bottle with lid for the hands-on project. This seminar is free and open to the public. For additional information, visit www.tcmastergardeners.org or call the Travis County Master Gardener's help desk at (512) 854-9600.

Georgetown: Spring Garden Fair, sponsored by Williamson County Master Gardeners, will be held April 17, from 9 a.m. until 2 p.m. at the WilCo AgriLife Extension Office, 3151 Inner Loop Rd., Georgetown. The fair will include gardening classes, a country store, demonstrations on rainwater harvesting, identifying oak wilt, a huge plant sale and so much more!  A Plant Preview class is offered at 8 a.m. highlighting the plants available; attendees will get early admission to the sale.

Nocogdoches: The SFA Gardens at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches will host its annual Garden Gala Day on April 17 from 9 a.m. until 2 p.m. in the lower arboretum parking lot on Wilson Drive. Stephen F. Austin State University Outdoor Pursuits will host an Earth Day Celebration in conjunction with this year’s sale. The event features the annual spring plant sale fundraiser benefiting the SFA Mast Arboretum, Pineywoods Native Plant Center, Ruby M. Mize Azalea Garden, and educational programs hosted at the gardens. All the plants are produced at SFA by the staff, students and volunteers. A wide variety of hard to find, “Texas tough” plants will be available. The public is encouraged to arrive early and bring a wagon. For more information, call (936) 468-4404, or visit http://arboretum.sfasu.edu and click on “upcoming events.”

Stephenville: The annual Native & Heirloom Plant Fair will be held Saturday, April 17 on the grounds of the beautiful Stephenville Museum in Stephenville.  A wide variety of vendors offer native & adapted plants, herbs, garden supplies, concessions, books, produce, yard art, seeds, and arts & crafts. Informative speakers will share gardening ideas. Vendor space is free; contact Russell for details at pfau@tarleton.edu or (254) 968-9761. For additional information, visit http://www.stephenville.com/museum/.

Rockport: David Ilfrey, Landscape Designer, will present "Deigning with Native Plants" from noon until 1 p.m., Tuesday, April 20, at the Aransas County Library, 701 E. Mimosa, Rockport. For additional information, call (361) 790-0103 or visit http://aransas-tx.tamu.edu.

Seabrook: Diana Foss from Texas Parks & Wildlife will present "Backyard Pollinators" beginning at 10 a.m., April 21, at The Meeting Room at Clear Lake Park (on the lakeside), 5001 NASA Road 1, Seabrook. For more information, visit http://hcmgap2.tamu.edu .

Austin: The Travis County Master Gardeners Association will present DIY Pond Building, Wednesday, April 28, from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m., at Zilker Botanical Garden, 2220 Barton Springs Rd., Austin. Always dreamed of a little pond in your yard? Not only can you have one but you can build it yourself. Attend this free seminar and learn step-by-step lessons on the basics of building a pond yourself. This seminar will help you determine the supplies and equipment needed for the job, gather information about pond plants, and determine which fish will do well in your pond. In addition, hear instructions on general pond maintenance, installing pond lighting and how to prevent unwanted critters in your pond. This seminar is free and open to the public. For more details, visit http://www.tcmastergardeners.org or call the Travis County Master Gardener's help desk at (512) 854-9600.

Austin: "Gardening for Butterflies & Hummingbirds" will be held at the Demonstration Garden at the AgriLife Extension Office of Travis County, 1600 B Smith Road, Austin, from 1 p.m. until 2:30 p.m., Friday, May 7. This seminar is appropriate for anyone wanting to incorporate the correct plants into the garden to attract these beauties. Learn plant food sources, host plants and nesting places for the most common butterflies and hummingbirds in Central Texas. This seminar is free and open to the public. For additional information, visit www.tcmastergardeners.org or call the Travis County Master Gardener's help desk at (512) 854-9600.

Denton: The Denton County Master Gardener 2010 Spring Garden Tour and Plant Sale will be held from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m., Saturday, May 8. Tickets $8 in advance; $10 at the gate; $5 single garden. Children under 14 free. For additional information, including locations of the gardens, visit www.dcmga.com or call (940) 349-2883.

Rockport: The 10th Annual Hidden Gardens Tour by Aransas/San Patricio Master Gardeners will be held from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m., Saturday, May 8. Tickets are $10 and are available from the Aransas County Texas AgriLife Extension office, 611 E. Mimosa. In the event of rain, the tour will be rescheduled for May 15. For additional information, call (361) 790-0103.

San Antonio: The San Antonio Antique Rose Emporium and the Comal Master Gardener Association will present their annual Herb Affair at the Antique Rose Emporium, 7561 E. Evans Road, San Antonio, Saturday, May 8, from 10 a.m. until 3 p.m. Dill, the 2010 Herb of the Year, will be featured. Demonstrations will include the many ways to use herbs throughout the home and garden, including herbs for pest control, cleansers, nature printing and other crafts. For additional information, visit www.antiqueroseemporium.com, http://grovesite.com/mg/comal, or call (210) 651-4565.

Alvin: The Lone Star Daylily Society will hold a daylily and plant sat, May 15, from 9 a.m. until sold out, at the Alvin Senior Center, Alvin. Judging of flowers begins at 10:30 a.m. and the show opens to the public at 2 p.m., For additional information, visit www.lonestardaylilysociety.org or call Michael Mayfield at (281) 996-9310.

San Antonio: The San Antonio Daylily Society Show and Sale will be held Saturday, May 15, from 1 p.m. until 4 p.m. at the San Antonio Garden Center, 3310 N. New Braunfels, San Antonio. For additional information, call (210) 824-9981.

Austin: "How to Create a Wildlife Habitat" will be presented from 9 a.m. until 11 a.m., Saturday, May 22, at the Demonstration Garden at AgriLife Extension Office of Travis County, 1660 B Smith Road, Austin. Learn how to attract butterflies, birds, insects, toads, and other creatures by utilizing plants which create food, cover, water and places to raise young. A Master Naturalist volunteer will lead the discussion. This seminar is free and open to the public. For more information, visit www.tcmastergardeners.org or call the Travis Country Master Gardener's help desk at (512) 854-9600.

Brenham: The Barrington Living History Farm's gardens will be open Saturday and Sunday, May 29-30 from 10 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. Learn about the foods pioneers grew to feed their families in the Brazos Valley in the 1850s. See the heirloom varieties Republic of Texas President Anson Jones may well have been growing on his farm. Barrington Living History Farm is located at Washington-on-the-Brazos State Historic Site off Highway 105 on FM 1155 between Navasota and Brenham. Admission: adults $5; students, $3; children 6 and under free. For additional information, call (936) 878-2214, ext. 246, and ask for Kellie, or visit www.birthplaceoftexas.com.

Nacogdoches: The Stephen F. Austin State University Pineywoods Native Plant Center will host the 5th Lone Star Regional Native Plant Conference June 2-5 in Nacogdoches. The conference will be held on the SFA campus, home to the Mast Arboretum, the Ruby Mize Azalea Garden, and the 40-acre Pineywoods Native Plant Center. Join a unique blend of naturalists, horticulturists, nurserymen, landscapers, and gardeners and for talks ranging from green roofs to landscape design and native azaleas, guided tours featuring unique local flora, and educational workshops. Registration begins February 1. For more information, visit http://arboretum.sfasu.edu or contact Dawn Stover at (936) 468-4404 or dparish@sfasu.edu.

Weatherford: The 26th annual Parker County Peach Festival will be held from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m., Saturday, July 10, in downtown Weatherford. More than 200 arts/crafts, produce and food vendors will line the historic streets. Admission is $5 for adults; children 12 and under are free. For additional information, visit www.peachfestivaltx.com or contact info@weatherford-chamber.com or (888) 594-3801.

MONTHLY MEETINGS

Rockport: The Aransas/San Patricio Master Gardeners meets at 9 a.m. the first Tuesday of each month at the AgriLife Extension Office - Aransas County, 611 E. Mimosa, Rockport. For additional information, e-mail aransas-tx@tamu.edu or call (361) 790-0103.

Kilgore: Northeast Texas Organic Gardeners meets at 10 a.m. on the first Wednesday of each month at Wildwood Eco-Farm in Kilgore. For more information, call Carole Ramke at (903) 986-9475.

Allen: The Allen Garden Club meets at 7 p.m. on the first Thursday of each month, February through December, at the Allen Heritage Center, 100 E. Main St., Allen. For more information, visit www.allengardenclub.org.

Austin: Austin Organic Gardeners meet at 7 p.m. on the second Monday of each month at the Zilker Botanical Gardens in Austin. For more information, visit www.main.org/aog.

Pearland: The second Tuesday of each month the Harris County Precinct 2 Master Gardeners hold a free evening educational program for the public, called the Green Thumb Series, at Bass Pro Shop, Highway 288 at Sam Houston Tollway, Pearland. For more information visit http://hcmgap2.tamu.edu or call (281) 991-8437.

Schertz: The Guadalupe County (Schertz/Seguin) Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas (NPSOT) meets the second Tuesday of each month except July and August at the library, 798 Schertz Parkway, Shertz. A plant exchange and meet-and-greet begins at 6:30 p.m. followed by a program at 7 p.m. For additional information or an application to join NPSOT, contact guadalupecounty@npsot.org.

Rockport: The Rockport Herb & Rose Study Group, founded in March 2003, meets the second Wednesday of each month, with the exceptions of June and July, to discuss all aspects of using and growing herbs, including historical uses and tips for successful propagation and cultivation, meets at 619 N. Live Oak Street, Room 14, Rockport at 10 a.m. Sometimes they take field trips and have cooking demonstrations in different locations. For more information, contact Linda (361) 729-6037, Ruth (361) 729-8923 or Cindy (979) 562-2153 or visit www.rockportherbs.com.

Beaumont: The Jefferson County Master Gardeners meet at 7 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the AgriLife Extension Office, 1225 Pearl Street, Suite 200, Beaumont. For more information, call (409) 835-8461.

Brownwood: Brown County Master Gardeners Association meets the second Thursday of each month, from Noon to 1 p.m., at the Brown County AgriLife Extension Office, 605 Fisk, Brownwood. For additional information, call Freda Day (325) 643-1077, or Mary Engle (325) 784-8453.

Georgetown: The Williamson County Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the Georgetown Public Library, 402 W. 8th Street. Georgetown. For additional information, contract Billye Adams at (512) 863-9636 or visit http://www.npsot.org/WilliamsonCounty/default.htm.

Orange: The Orange County Master Gardeners meet at the Salvation Army in Orange on the second Thursday of each month. A covered-dish dinner at 6:30 p.m. is followed by a speaker and business meeting at 7 p.m.

San Antonio: The San Antonio Herb Society meets at 7 p.m. on the second Thursday of each month at the San Antonio Garden Center, 3310 N. New Braunfels (corner of Funston & N. New Braunfels). For more information on programs, visit www.sanantonioherbs.org.

College Station: The A&M Garden Club meets on the second Friday of each month during the school year at 9:30 a.m. at the Senior Circle Rooms, College Station Professional Building II, 1651 Rock Prairie Road, College Station. Expert speakers, plant sharing, and federated club projects help members learn about gardening in the Brazos Valley, floral design, conservation topics, and more. For more information, visit www.sallysfamilyplace.com/Clubs/GardenClub.htm.

Dallas: The Rainbow Garden Club of North Texas meets the second Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. Everyone is welcome. Meetings are held at member’s homes and garden centers around the area. For more information, visit www.RainbowGardenClub.com.

Cleburne: The Johnson County Master Gardener Association meets at 6 p.m. on the third Monday of each month. The public is invited to attend. There is an educational program each month preceding the business meeting. For information on topics call (817) 556-6370 or visit http://www.jcmga.org/.

Arlington: The Arlington Men's Garden Club meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. on the third Tuesday of each month (except December) at the Bob Duncan Center, 2800 S. Center Street, Arlington. For more information, contact Lance Jepson at LJepson@aol.com.

Sugar Land: The Sugar Land Garden Club meets on the third Tuesday of each month, September through November and January through April at 10 a.m. at the Sugar Land Community Center, 226 Matlage Way, Sugar Land. The club hosts a different speaker each month. For more information, visit www.sugarlandgardenclub.org.

Denton: The Denton Organic Society, a group devoted to sharing information and educating the public regarding organic principles, meets the third Wednesday of each month (except July, August and December) at the Denton Senior Center, 509 N. Bell Avenue. Meetings are free and open to the public. Meetings begin at 7 p.m. and are preceded by a social at 6:30. For more information, call (940) 382-8551.

Glen Rose: The Somervell County Master Gardeners meet at 10 a.m., the third Wednesday of each month at the Somervell County AgriLife Extension office, 1405 Texas Drive, Glen Rose. Visitors are welcome. For more information, call (254) 897-2809 or visit www.somervellmastergardener.org.

Granbury: The Lake Granbury Master Gardeners meet at 1 p.m. on the third Wednesday of each month at the Hood County Annex 1, 1410 West Pearl Street, Granbury. The public is invited to attend. There is an educational program each month preceding the business meeting. For information on topics call (817) 579-3280 or visit http://www.hoodcountymastergardeners.org/.

Seabrook: The Harris County Precinct 2 Master Gardeners hold an educational program at 10 a.m. on the third Wednesday of each month at The Meeting Room at Clear Lake Park (on the Lakeside), 5001 NASA Road 1, Seabrook. The programs are free and open to the public. For more information, visit http://hcmgap2.tamu.edu.

Houston: The Native Plant Society of Texas — Houston (NPSOT-H) meets at 7 p.m. on the third Thursday of each month except for October (4th Thursday) and December (2nd Thursday). Location varies. For locations, for more information on programs, and for information about native plants for Houston, visit http://www.npsot.org/Houston.

Rosenberg: The Fort Bend Master Gardeners meet at 7:15 p.m. on the third Thursday of each month except December at the Bud O’Shieles Community Center located at 1330 Band Road, Rosenberg. For more information, call (281) 341-7068 or visit www.fbmg.com.

Seguin: The Guadalupe County Master Gardeners meets at 7 p.m. the third Thursday of each month,  except December, at the Texas AgriLife Extension Bldg. at 210 E. Live Oak, Seguin. An educational program preceeds the business meeting. The public is invited to attend. For topic or other information, call (830) 379-1972 or visit www.guadalupecountymastergardeners.org.

Edna: The Jackson County Master Gardeners present their "Come Grown With Us" seminars on the fourth Tuesday of each month, January through October, beginning at 7 p.m. at 411 N. Wells, Edna. The seminars are free, open to the public and offer 2 CEU hours to Master Gardeners or others requiring them. For additional information, contact the Jackson County Extension Office at (361) 782-3312.

Fort Worth: The Organic Garden Club of Forth Worth meets at 7 p.m. on the fourth Tuesday of each month except July and December at the Fort Worth Botanic Gardens main building. Refreshments are served. For more information, call (817) 274-8460.

Brackenridge Park: The Native Plant Society San Antonio Chapter meets every fourth Tuesday of each month at 7:00 p.m. in the Lions Field Adult and Senior Center, 2809 Broadway at E. Mulberry, Brackenridge Park, except August and December. Social and seed/plant exchange at 6:30 p.m. Free and open to the public. For more information, contact Bea at (210) 999-7292 or visit www.npsot.org/sanantonio.

Dallas: The Dallas Organic Garden Club meets at 2:30 p.m. on the fourth Sunday of each month at the North Haven Gardens, 7700 Northaven Rd.,  Dallas. For more information, call (214) 824-2448 or visit www.dogc.org.

Arlington: The Arlington Organic Garden Club meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. on the last Thursday of each month (except November and December) at the Bob Duncan Center, 2800 S. Center Street, Arlington. For more information, contact David at (817) 483-7746.


Texas Wildscapes:
Gardening for Wildlife

By Kelly Conrad Bender

NEW EDITION of the popular Texas Parks & Wildlife book, now with fully searchable DVD containing all the plant and animal information you need to customize your backyard habitat.

Whether you have an apartment balcony or a multi-acre ranch, the Texas Wildscapes program provides the tools you need to make a home for all the animals that will thrive in the native habitat you create.

In Texas Wildscapes, Kelly Conrad Bender identifies the kinds of animals you can expect when you give them their three basic needs: food, water, and shelter. She then provides guidelines for designing and planting your yard or garden to best provide these requirements for the many birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and invertebrates the environment will attract.

$31.88 includes tax and shipping

Order online with credit card at www.texasgardener.com or call toll-free 1-800-727-9020.

Visa, MasterCard and Discover accepted.


Wish you'd saved them?

Are you missing an important issue of Texas Gardener? Or, perhaps, just tired of thumbing through stacks of back issues looking for the tips and techniques you need to make your garden grow? These new CDs provide easy access to all six issues of
volume 20 (November/December 2000 through September/October 2001),
volume 21
(November/December 2001 through September/October 2002),
volume 22
(November/December 2002 through September/October 2003),
volume 23
(November/December 2003 through September/October 2004),
volume 24 (November/December 2004 through September/October 2005),
volume 25 (November/December 2005 through September/October 2006),
volume 26 (November/December 2006 through September/October 2007),
volume 27 (November/December 2007 through September/October 2008) and
volume 28 (November/December 2008 through September/October 2009)*.

$16.99 per CD includes tax and shipping

Order by calling 1-800-727-9020.

(Discover, MasterCard and Visa accepted.)

*Other volumes will be available soon.


Doug Welsh's Texas Garden Almanac

Doug Welsh’s Texas Garden Almanac is a giant monthly calendar for the entire state — a practical, information-packed, month-by-month guide for gardeners and "yardeners." This book provides everything you need to know about flowers and garden design; trees, shrubs, and vines; lawns; vegetable, herb, and fruit gardening; and soil, mulch, water, pests, and plant care. It will help you to create beautiful, productive, healthy gardens and have fun doing it.

$26.63 plus shipping*

Order by calling 1-800-727-9020 or order on-line.

*Mention Texas Gardener’s Seeds when ordering by phone and we’ll waive shipping charges. (Discover, MasterCard and Visa accepted.)


Fiber row cover valuable year-round

Grow-Web encourages plant growth and development, and also provides protection from insects, birds, diseases and frosts. It is also air and water permeable and allows for ventilation. Grow-Web provides excellent protection to seedlings when applied directly to the seedbed.

$30.64 per 12.3’ x 32.8’ roll (includes shipping!)

Order by calling 1-800-727-9020 or order on-line.

(Discover, MasterCard and Visa accepted.)



Texas Gardener’s Seeds
is published weekly. © Suntex Communications, Inc. 2010. All rights reserved. You may forward this publication to your friends and colleagues if it is sent in its entirety. No individual part of this newsletter may be reproduced in any manner without prior written permission from the publisher.

Missed an issue? Back issues of Texas Gardener’s Seeds are available at www.texasgardener.com/newsletters.

Publisher: Chris S. Corby ● Editor: Michael Bracken

Texas Gardener’s Seeds, P.O. Box 9005, Waco, Texas 76714 ● www.TexasGardener.com