September 19, 2012

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The Zebra Chip effect

Javelina Today

Have you ever opened a bag of potato chips and found that one potato chip that is brown and appears to have a burnt look?

Researchers at Texas A&M University-Kingsville have joined with others around the country to determine a solution for the Zebra Chip (ZC), so named because of the flecking, or streaking, observed, which renders the potato unmarketable.

Zebra Chip symptoms are caused by injection of the plant with a bacterium, harmful to the plant but not consumers. Companies like Frito Lay are teaming up with the Texas Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Agriculture to support research to determine how ZC can be prevented.

Dr. Greta Schuster, associate professor in the agriculture, agribusiness and environmental sciences department, is one such researcher who is trying to find a way to curb the Zebra Chip effect. The disease is associated with the bacterium, Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (Lso), transmitted to the potato by the plant-feeding insect known as the potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc).

“The potato psyllid is often present in potato fields, but only those that carry the bacteria can infect the plant with the disease,” Schuster said. “The affected plant becomes stunted, has curled leaves, and as the disease moves through the vascular system of the plant, affects the fleshy underground stem, or the tuber. This disease is characterized by the production of a striped or stained pattern of necrosis, or cell death, in tubers produced on infected plants.”

The potato industry in Texas, mainly made of processing potatoes, estimates that Zebra Chip could affect over 35 percent of the potatoes produced in this state, with potential annual losses to growers exceeding $25 million, according to data from the Center for North American Studies, a part of the Department of Agricultural Economics at Texas A&M University, and Texas AgriLife Research and Texas AgriLife Extension Service.

The Zebra Chip was first discovered in Saltillo, Mexico in 1994 and in Texas in 2000, Schuster said. Texas ranks in the top 20 percent for potato production in the country and has been among the states suffering the most economic loss.

This project is funded by a USDA-NIFA-Specialty Crops Research Initiative program consisting of a multi-state, multi-disciplinary team of scientists, economists and extension specialists, and a 12-member advisory board of producers, processors and industry representatives that have been assembled to address all aspects of ZC using an integrated, whole systems approach.

Schuster and her graduate student, Jennifer Trevino of San Benito, are currently studying the impact of potato planting timing on ZC incidence in South Texas. “Results of our previous research indicated that early — December through January — planted potatoes in the Lower Rio Grande Valley had significantly higher ZC incidence than those planted later.

“The reasons as to why we see high ZC incidence observed in potatoes planted early in the season in southern Texas are still unknown.”

Not all potato psyllids carry the bacteria necessary to create a diseased plant. Adult psyllids were individually tested for the presence of the bacteria by PCR in both 2010 and 2011 to estimate infection rate of this plant pathogen in the insects. According to the results, during the 2010 planting season, Trevino said, only six of 192 psyllids collected in the Rio Grande Valley actually tested positive for the Zebra Chip bacteria. In Pearsall, only seven of 172 tested positive and in Kingsville two of 22 were positive for the bacteria. However in 2011, only five of 100 psyllids collected in the Rio Grande Valley and one out of 13 from Kingsville tested positive for the Zebra Chip bacteria. Results showed that the Lso bacterium infection rate in the psyllids ranged from 2.8 to 0.1 percent during the two-year study.

Schuster said that, thus far in the research, results from the present study increase the understanding of the impact of potato planting timing on ZC incidence, and provide information on when potatoes are the most vulnerable to the disease.

Reprinted with permission from the Summer 2012 issue of Javelina Today, published by Texas A&M University-Kingsville.


Feds propose to protect Texas plants under Endangered Species Act

WildEarth Guardians

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) has proposed to list two Texas plants, the Texas golden gladecress (Leavenworthia texana) as “endangered” and the Neches River rose-mallow (Hibiscus dasycalyx) as “threatened” under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), and to designate critical habitat for both species. The gladecress and rose-mallow were first identified as candidates for listing in 1990 and 1980, respectively. Both species are included in WildEarth Guardians landmark species settlement agreement under which the Service has agreed to consider 252 candidate species for listing by 2016.

“The settlement agreement is working and we are glad these two flowers are still around to finally receive protection,” said Mark Salvo, Wildlife Program Director for WildEarth Guardians.

The Texas golden gladecress is a mustard with petite golden yellow flowers and dark green, succulent stems and leaves. The plant grows in the Weches outcrops in east Texas. Although relatively small and surrounded by oak-hickory-pine forests, Weches outcrops support highly diverse plant communities, including rare and endemic species that specialize in these unique environments.

The Neches River rose-mallow is a shrubby perennial that grows 3-7 feet tall. The flower, named after the Neches River, grows in wetland areas exposed to open sun. Occupied sites typically hold standing water for much of the growing season and are generally within the immediate floodplains of rivers, or adjacent to ponds, sloughs, and oxbows. Like other Hibiscus, the Neches River rose-mallow produces large, showy flowers. Each blossom is 3 to 6 inches wide with five 2-to-4-inch-long creamy-white petals and a deep red or purple center.

The Service found the gladecress is threatened by habitat loss from glauconite quarrying; natural gas and oil exploration and production; invasion of open glades by nonnative and native shrubs, trees, and vines, and other weedy species; pine tree plantings in close proximity to occupied glades; and herbicide applications that have potential to kill emerging seedlings. The rose-mallow is threatened by encroachment of nonnative and native plant species, particularly trees, herbicide use, livestock trampling, and alteration of natural hydrology of seasonal flooding to conditions where habitat has been drained or has become permanently flooded. Both species are also threatened by their small populations, a lack of regulatory mechanisms to protect their remaining habitat, and drought.

The Service has proposed to designate a total of 1353 acres of critical habitat for the gladecress in Sabine and San Augustine counties, most of which is on private land. The agency has also proposed to designate 187.8 acres of critical habitat for the rose-mallow in Cherokee, Houston Trinity, Harrison and Nacogdoches counties. It is comprised of eleven areas of mixed ownership along sloughs, oxbows, terraces, and sand bars in the Neches River basin and Mud and Tantabogue Creek basins.


Gardening tips

Check your vegetable plants often for signs of pest damage. Caterpillars are particularly bothersome in the fall. Other insects, like aphids and beetles, can show up as well and do serious damage. Use low toxicity controls like Bt (biological worm killer) for controlling garden pests.

Have a favorite gardening tip you’d like to share? Texas Gardener’s Seeds is seeking brief gardening tips from Texas gardeners to use in future issues. If we publish your tip in Seeds, we will send you a free Texas Gardener 2012 Planning Guide & Calendar. Please send your tips of 50 words or less to the editor at: Gardening Tips.


Did you know...

Many garden pests over-winter in the garden to come back and be a problem the spring. Let cooler weather be a reminder to remove spent plants and garden debris from the garden.


Upcoming garden events.

If you would like your organization’s events included in "Upcoming Garden Events" or would like to make a change to a listed event, please contact us at Garden Events. To ensure inclusion in this column, please provide complete details at least three weeks prior to the event.

SEPTEMBER

Austin: “Divide and Transplant Perennials” will be presented from 10 a.m. until noon, Thursday, September 20, at the Travis County AgriLife Extension Office, 1600 B Smith Rd., Austin. Perennials tend to increase in density and size over the years which diminish the vigor of the plants. Solve this problem by learning to properly divide and transplant these plants. Learn which plants need to be periodically divided and how to correctly perform the task. Discover what is needed to appropriately transplant the plants into new beds. Gain an understanding of how to prepare the plants to pass on to friends. This seminar is free and open to the public and is presented by the Travis County Master Gardeners, a volunteer arm of the Texas AgriLife Extension Service in Travis County. For information, call 512-854-9600 or visit www.tcmastergardeners.org.

Nacogdoches: The SFA Gardens at Stephen F. Austin State University will host the monthly Theresa and Les Reeves Lecture Series at 7 p.m. Thursday, September 20, in the Agriculture Building, Room 110, at 1924 Wilson Drive. Texas AgriLife Extension Horticulturist Tom LeRoy will present “Salad Gardening 101 for Texas Gardeners.” LeRoy began his 35-year career with the Texas Agricultural Extension Service after receiving a Bachelor’s Degree in Horticulture in 1975 and a Master’s Degree in Plant Breeding in 1977, both from Texas A&M University. He served 11 years as the Montgomery County, Extension Agent – Horticulture, where he implemented the first Master Gardener Program in the State of Texas.  LeRoy also served as the Harris County Extension Agent – Horticulture from 1988 until 1998, heading up their Master Gardener Program. Working alongside Bill Adams, Tom assisted in the establishment of a demonstration orchard and trial garden at the Harris County Extension Center. LeRoy and Adams also co-authored three gardening books, Growing Fruits and Nuts in the South, Common Sense Vegetable Gardening in the South, and their latest, The Southern Kitchen Garden. For the past 14 years, Tom served as the County Extension Agent-Horticulture for Montgomery County; working diligently with the same Master Gardener Program he started in 1977. Tom has been recognized for his superior service by Texas A&M University, Texas Cooperative Extension, first in 1985 for Innovative Programs, including the First Master Gardener Program in Texas, and again in 2006 for Standard Setting Leadership in Implementing the Texas Master Gardener Volunteer Model. Tom recently retired and now serves on a part time basis as Assistant Texas Master Gardener Program Coordinator. The Theresa and Les Reeves Garden Lecture Series is normally held the third Thursday of each month at the Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture’s SFA Mast Arboretum. A rare plant raffle will be held after the program. The lecture is free and open to the public, but donations to the Theresa and Les Reeves lecture series endowed fund are always appreciated. For more information, call (936) 468-1832 or e-mail grantdamon@sfasu.edu.

San Antonio: Paul Johnson, Regional Urban Forester for the Texas Forest Service, will present a tutorial on effectively communicating your passion for trees, plants and gardening at the next monthly meeting of Bexar County Master Gardeners, 3355 Cherry Ridge Drive, Suite 212, San Antonio, on Thursday, September 20. This no-cost presentation is open to the public, with the social starting at 6 p.m. and the presentation following at 6:30 p.m. Come learn how this ISA Board Certified Master Arborist motivates an audience! For more information, contact Lisa Nixon at lisa.nixon@bexarcountymastergardeners.org.

Seguin: Guadalupe County Master Gardeners will meet Thursday, September 20, at 7 p.m. in the AgriLife Extension Bldg., 210 E. Live Oak, Seguin. Mike Dobrovosky, from Soil Menders, will present “Improving Your Soil.” Meetings are free and open to the public. For more information, visit www.guadalupecountymastergardeners.org or call 830-303-3889.

Ft. Worth: Learn about Water Features in the Garden from the Tarrant County Master Gardener Association (TCMGA), Saturday, September 22, 10 a.m.–noon, at the TCMGA demonstration garden at Fort Worth’s Resource Connection, 1800 Circle Drive. The Resource Connection is located off Campus Dr, north from I-20. Class fee is $15 and limited to 20 people. To register or for more information, contact Billie Hammack at 817-884-1296 or blhammack@ag.tamu.edu.

Humble: Mercer Arboretum & Botanic Gardens, 22306 Aldine Westfield Road, Humble, will host “Garden Faire,” Saturday, September 22, and Sunday, September 23, 8 a.m.-4 p.m. The Garden Faire is Mercer’s own free, family, fun, fall festival. Bring the young ones to enjoy the Kid’s Korner Activity Area, where they can plant seeds, make a hat from recycled paper and enjoy many other nature projects. Stroll along the wooded trails and visit with vendors to purchase new plants and craft items. Enjoy rides around the picnic loop with Stan the Train Man. Concession items are available from various food trucks. Call 281-443-8731 for details.

La Marque: “The Fabulous Fragrant Frangipani (Plumeria)” will be presented from 9 a.m. until 11 a.m., September 22, at Galveston County AgriLife Extension Office in Carbide Park, 4102 Main Street (FM 519), La Marque. Presented by Galveston County Master Gardener Loretta Osteen, the program will include information on the history of the Plumeria and tips for growing and caring for them in Galveston County. Also included will be information about different flower shapes, fragrance and colors of the different varieties of Plumeria successfully grown in South Texas. Incorporated in the presentation will be methods of propagation, proper winter storage and care. There will also be a demonstration on how to make the popular Plumeria Lei. For more information, call 281-534-3413, ext. 12 or email GALV3@wt.net.

La Marque: “Fall T-Budding of Citrus & Deciduous Fruit Trees” will be presented from 1 until 3 p.m., September 22, at Galveston County AgriLife Extension Office in Carbide Park, 4102 Main Street (FM 519), La Marque. Galveston County Master Gardener Herman Auer, Propagation Specialist, will present a program and hands-on workshop on T-Bud grafting. Attendees will leave the class ready to begin their own grafting projects with confidence. The grafting method presented is used on many types of fruit and citrus trees usually about the size of a pencil. Class is limited to 24 persons participating. You must pre-register in order to attend. Other persons may attend for observation only. For course reservations, call 281-534-3413, ext. 12 or email GALV3@wt.net.

San Angelo: The Concho Valley Master Gardeners will host a Fall Landscaping Symposium, Saturday, September 22, in the Community Room on the third floor of the Stephens Central Library, 33 W. Beauregard, San Angelo. The Symposium will be from 9 a.m. until noon with registration beginning at 8:30 a.m. The featured speakers are: Tony Huston, owner, A.G. Huston Landscape Architecture, who will speak about residential design principles; Bill Neiman, owner, Native American Seed Co., who will speak about eco-logical approaches to creating outdoor living spaces for responsible beauty; and. Chris Wiesinger, owner, The Southern Bulb Co., who will speak about his experiences as "The Bulb Hunter: A story about seeking out botanical treasurers." All three speakers are specialists in their fields and will deliver valuable information for the gardener, whether large or small. The cost is is $20 per family, $15 for Master Gardeners. Please call 325-659-6522 to R.S.V.P. by September 19. This will ensure your seating and handout materials. No child care will be provided. For information about parking and hotels, visit txmg.org/conchovalley.

San Antonio: The San Antonio Herb Society presents its first Scholarship Garden Tour, benefitting St. Philip’s Culinary Arts Program, on Saturday, September 22 from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. The self-guided tour features nine differently-themed gardens, for only $10 per ticket. Themes include: Texas Eclectic, Cacti and Containers, Xeriscape, Re-Purposed, Budget, Square-Foot, Wildscape and Butterflies, Urban Chick(en) and Urban Chic. Each garden is proudly sponsored by a locally-owned garden center or nursery, and each offers unique take-home tips for your own gardens and yards. Tickets are available from any San Antonio Herb Society member or online at www.sanantonioherbs.org. Attendees will also be eligible for garden-related prizes to be drawn at the San Antonio Herb Market on October 20.

Sugar Land: Sugar Land Garden Club is hosting its 14th annual Sugar Land Garden Art & Plant Sale on Saturday, September 22, from 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m., at Sugar Lakes Clubhouse, 930 Sugar Lakes Drive. Admission is free. For more information, visit sugarlandgardenclub.org or call 281-491-9609.

Bryan: “Birds in the Brazos County Backyard” will be presented by Jim Anding, Master Naturalist and retired educator, at 7 p.m., September 25, at the Brazos Center, 3232 Briarcrest Drive, Bryan. What are the commonly found bird species in Central Texas? Learn about them from bird enthusiast, Jim Anding who will tell how to attract and enjoy birds in your own backyard. For additional information, visit www.brazosmg.org.

Seabrook: At 8 p.m., Wednesday, September 26, Harris County Master Gardeners at Precinct 2 invite you to attend a Preview of Plants available at their October 6, Perennial Sale at The Meeting Room at Clear Lake Park (on the lakeside), 5001 NASA Parkway, Seabrook.

Austin: “Compost Tea 101” will be presented from 10:30 a.m. until 12:30 p.m., Saturday, September 29, at Hampton Branch Library at Oakhill, 5125 Convict Hill Rd., Austin. Compost Tea is a great fertilizer for your garden. This seminar will cover what you need to know for setting up a simple "do-it-yourself" compost tea brewer, what goes in it, how to avoid problems, and recipes for using compost tea in your garden! This free class doesn’t require a reservation but if you want to ensure a seat, sign up online at: http://travis-tx.tamu.edu/horticulture. Please note that any empty reserved seats become open seating at 9:50 a.m. This seminar is presented by the Travis County Master Gardeners, a volunteer arm of the Texas AgriLife Extension Service in Travis County, www.tcmastergardeners.org. For information, call 512-854-9600.

La Marque: “Ornamental & Perennial Plant Preview” will be presented from 8 a.m. until 11 a.m., September 29 at Galveston County AgriLife Extension Office in Carbide Park, 4102 Main Street (FM 519), La Marque. Heidi Sheesley of TreeSearch Farms will give a presentation and discussion on a number of ornamental and perennial plants that will be available to the public on October 6 at the annual Galveston County Master Gardeners Ornamental & Perennial Sale. For more information, call 281-534-3413, ext. 12 or email GALV3@wt.nett.

The Woodlands: Woodlands Landscaping Solutions presents the gardening gurus on Saturday, September 29 from 9 a.m. to noon at a water-wise garden event. Visit booths and demonstrations to learn the latest techniques and tried and true methods for East Texas landscapes. Discover sage tips for lawn and garden with rainwater harvesting, drip irrigation, tool care, habitat gardening, growing vegetables and more. Garden authors Brenda Beust-Smith and Cherie Foster Colburn give design tips on the spot and team up with “the Bulb Hunter,” Chris Wiesinger, for  a book signing.  Purchase native plants, heirloom bulbs, veggie starts, berry plants, herbs, and organic products. The free event will be held at 8203 Millennium Forest Dr., The Woodlands.  For more information visit www.thewoodlandstownship-tx.gov/gardeningevents or call 281-210-3800.

OCTOBER

Dallas: The Dallas County Master Gardeners’ annual Fall Garden Tour, held Saturday, October 6, from 10 a.m. until 4 p.m. (rain or shine), includes six unique gardens conveniently located in central north Dallas. Tickets will be available for sale in eight Dallas area Calloway’s Nurseries nearest the tour from September 1-October 5 at a discounted pre-tour price of $15. Tickets also can be purchased from the Master Gardeners Help Desk  located inside the Dallas County AgriLife Extension office at 10056 Marsh Lane, Dallas. Tickets will be sold at the regular price of $20 at any tour garden on the day of the tour. For more information or to purchase tickets by phone, call 214-904-3053.

Jasper: Jasper Master Gardeners team up with Lakes Area Hospice and the Chamber of Commerce for the first Butterfly Festival, held in conjunction with Fall Fest, Saturday, October 6, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Fall Fest features music, crafts and food on the courthouse lawn, but Butterfly Festival expands the fair one block south to showcase the new Master Gardener greenhouse and butterfly garden at the Arboretum. Master Gardeners will host children’s activities in the potting sheds, and hold educational programs for adults in the courthouse, plus Master Gardeners will hold their semi-annual plant sale on the northeast corner of the festival.

La Marque: The Galveston County Master Gardeners Ornamental & Perennial Sale will take place from 9 a.m. until 1 p.m., October 6, in the parking lot of the Galveston County AgriLife Extension Office, 4102 Main Street (FM 519), La Marque. For additional information, call 281-534-3413, ext. 12.

Nacogdoches: The SFA Gardens at Stephen F. Austin State University will host its annual Fabulous Fall Festival Plant Sale from 9 a.m. until 2 p.m. Saturday, October 6, at the SFA Pineywoods Native Plant Center, 2900 Raguet St., Nacogdoches. A wide variety of hard-to-find, “Texas tough” plants will be available, including Texas> natives, heirlooms, tropicals, perennials, shrubs, trees, and exclusive SFA introductions. Most of the plants are extensively trialed in the gardens before being offered to the public and most are produced by the SFA Gardens staff and volunteers. Arrive early and bring a wagon. For more information, call 936-468-4404, or visit www.sfagardens.sfasu.edu for a list of available plants.

Odessa: Permian Basin Master Gardeners will present a Water Wise Landscape Seminar from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m., Saturday, October 6, at the Odessa Regional Medical Center, 520 East Sixth Street, Odessa. $50 admission includes catered lunch. For more information, visit http://westtexasgardening.org/.

Humble: “Mushrooms and other fungi” will be presented by Teri MacArthur on Wednesday, October 10, noon-2 p.m., at the Mercer Arboretum & Botanic Gardens, 22306 Aldine Westfield Road, Humble. The Spring Creek Greenway Nature Center’s MacArthur, a Texas Master Naturalist and member of the Texas Mycological Society, shares information on local fungus/mushroom species and takes participants on a short nature walk after the lecture. Comfortable walking shoes recommended. For additional information, call 281-443-8731 or visit www.hcp4.net/mercer.

Houston: The Garden Club of Houston, a member of the Garden Club of America, is hosting its 70th annual Bulb and Plant Mart on October 12-13 at the Holly Hall Retirement Center, 2000 Holly Hall Street @ Fannin, across from Reliant Center. Admission is free, and sales both days are tax-free. The Mart will feature the widest selection of top quality bulbs from domestic and international suppliers, and an expanded collection of hard to find and unusual plants, perennials, trees, shrubs and vines. Many of the plants and bulbs are unique offerings from the gardens of Club members, grown specifically for the Mart. The free Horticulture Guide is a valuable reference year-round for planting and growing tips. For more information, visit www.gchouston.org/bulbplantmart.aspxx.

St. Francisville, LA: The 2012 Southern Garden Symposium will be held October 12 and 13 at various locations in St. Francisville, LA. Featured speakers include Dean Norton, Mount Vernon’s Director of Horticulture; Heidi Sheesley, owner of Treesearch Farms in Houston, Texas; and floral design instructor Lynette McDougald of Mississippi State University. The symposium will begin on Friday, October 12 with a series of workshops held at various locations in the St. Francisville area. The $75 cost per person includes admission to both morning and afternoon workshops and a gourmet picnic lunch at Afton Villa Gardens. The symposium continues on Saturday, October 13 at Hemingbough, a beautiful cultural arts and reception center just south of St. Francisville. The morning begins 8:30 a.m. with coffee and refreshments on the terrace and time for guests to browse the book, plant, and garden tool sales. Lectures begin at 9:15 a.m. and conclude at 2:15 p.m., with afternoon tea taking place at Evergreenzine, the private home of Mr. and Mrs. Norman Ferachi. The $75 cost per person includes refreshments, lectures, lunch and the afternoon tea. (Admission for both days is available at the discounted rate of $130 per person.) Always a highlight of the symposium weekend, the 2012 Speakers’ Gala will be held on Friday evening at Rosebank Plantation, the private home of Mr. and Mrs. David Walker. The cost for the gala is $50 per person. Friday’s highlights include a floral design demonstration by award-winning instructor Lynette McDougald of Mississippi State University, taking place against the picturesque backdrop of Afton Villa Gardens. Guests may also chose to attend workshops on rain garden design, edible landscapes, or tree care. St. Francisville is located about 45 minutes north of Baton Rouge. Registration at the Southern Garden Symposium is limited and required in advance. For additional information, visit www.SouthernGardenSymposium.org, email luciecassity@bellsouth.net, or call 225-635-3738.

Fort Worth: Registration is underway for the Fall Regional Conference, "Floods to Drought — Gardening in North Texas," sponsored by the Tarrant County Master Gardener Association, 8:30 a.m. until 4 p.m., October 13, at the Resource Connection's Building 2300, 2300 Circle Drive, Fort Worth. The event is open to the public. Cost is $45, lunch included. Complete information on agenda and registration form is at www.tarrantmg.org. For more information, contact Billie Hammack at 817-884-1296 or at blhammack@ag.tamu.eduu. Deadline for registration, which is limited to 300 participants, is October 5.

Quitman: The Friends of the Arboretum will hold the annual scarecrow contest in conjunction with the Fall plant sale at Quitman Arboretum & Botanical Gardens, Quitman, on Saturday, October 13. Entering the contest is free of charge, and participating creations add festive and colorful visual appeal to the gardens for the month of October. This year, the contest will feature three prize-winning categories, with a prize for both first and second placed in: Individual Adult, Business/Organization, and Individual Youth (18 and under). All are encouraged to enter the scarecrow contest free of charge and the only limitation is the artists’ imagination. The winners will receive $50 for first place, $25 for second place in one of each category for a total of six prizes. Judging will take place on the morning of the fall plant sale, October 13, with winners to be announced by noon. Participants may donate their scarecrow to the Arboretum to be auctioned off as a fundraiser for Friends of the Arboretum. Silent auction bids will take place through the plant sale, with bids closing just before the winners are announced at noon. Scarecrows can be decorated in any style. The only criteria is that the scarecrow must stand on its own, and materials must be able to withstand outdoor elements to last for display in the Arboretum through Halloween. Individuals, civic groups, class rooms, businesses and other organizations are all welcome and encouraged to participate. Entry forms and rules are available at the Chamber or are downloadable at www.woodcountyarboretum.com. For more information about the contest or the sale, or for any other Arboretum related questions, call Pam Riley 1-903-466-4327 or visit woodcountyarboretum.com.

Tyler: The Smith County Master Gardener Association Bulbs and More Fall Sale and Conference will be held October 13 at the Harvey Convention Center, 2000 W. Front St., Tyler. Open to the public. Registration begins at 8 a.m. Program begins at 9 a.m. Enjoy featured speaker Dave Whitinger, owner and operator of All Things Plants. Whitinger is a member and former president of the Cherokee County Master Gardeners, and is the creator of many popular websites, most notably Dave's Garden and AllThingsPlants.com. He lives outside Jacksonville on a 90-acre farm with his wife and 6 children. The annual sale, which begins at 11:30 a.m., has been expanded to include bulbs, grasses, perennials, trees and hand crafted yard art. To see a list of available plants, visit http://scmg.tamu.edu/coming-events/.

Linden: In celebration of Native Plant Week, the Caddo Wildflower Chapter of NPSOT will present Texas Gardener Contributing Editor Greg Grant, speaking on "Gardening Naturally with Native Plants," October 16, at 6:30 p.m. in Linden at the Cass County Law Enforcement Training Center, Co Rd off 1913 Hwy 59, Linden.

Austin: “Planting for Winter Color” will be presented from 10 a.m. until noon, Thursday, October 18, at Travis County AgriLife Extension Office, 1600 B Smith Rd., Austin. Perk up the winter landscape by incorporating the principles learned at this seminar. Understand the best times and conditions required to ensure success with the plants and seeds. Bulbs, dramatic vegetables, flowering annuals and perennials, shrubs and trees are all part of the selection mix and will be discussed. This seminar is free and open to the public. For additional information, visit www.tcmastergardeners.org or call 512-854-9600.

Humble: The Mercer Arboretum & Botanic Gardens, 22306 Aldine Westfield Road, Humble, will host a “Sustainable Landscape Conference” Friday, October 19. Learn cutting-edge solutions for building infrastructure to protect property from floods and severe drought. Fee: $125 and $150 (for professional CEU seekers, 5.5 credits available), with 10% off each for TMS members. The all-day conference takes place at the Spring Creek Greenway Nature Center meeting room. Please call 281-443-8731 for details and reservations.

Austin: Travis County Master Gardeners will host "Inside Austin Gardens Tour: Edible Gardens" from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m., October 20. Seven gardens will be open for touring. The tour will include educational seminars and other fun activities at each stop. Learn what vegetables to grow and why, let the children eat rainbows, or hear the thought-provoking story of the American Indian medicine wheel. Learn practical methods to add edibles to your landscape, how to eat the fruits of your labors, and recipes to spice things up with herbs! Books, plants and T-shirts will be available at each garden. Visit http://www.tcmastergardeners.org/what/gardentour.html for more garden tour information.

San Antonio: Green Spaces Alliance of South Texas will host a "Gardening for Wildlife Workshop" at 9 a.m., October 20, at Beacon Hill Community Garden, San Antonio. For additional information, call 210-222-8430.

San Antonio: The San Antonio Herb Market Association’s 21st Herb Market will be held October 20, at Pearl, 200 E. Grayson, from 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Admission and parking is free and open to the public. This year’s herbal theme is Roses, the International Herb of the Year. The program for this year’s Herb Market will include Robbi Wills from The Antique Rose Emporium, speaking about why Roses are considered herbs, their growing and care, varieties of antique and earth kind roses, and some of the lore associated with them. Also slated on the program are a cooking demonstration, presentations on aromatherapy, medicinal qualities and crafting ideas. Plan for a whole day of fun! For more information on events and scheduling, visit www.sanantonioherbmerket.org.

Victoria: Victoria County Master Gardener Association will hold its 2012 "Nature's Beauty Beyond the Gate" Garden Tour Saturday, October 20, 9 a.m.-5 p.m., and Sunday, Oct. 21, 11 a.m.-5 p.m., featuring six beautifully landscaped yards in Victoria. Ticket sales will begin Tuesday, Aug. 28, and will cost $15 per person. A plant sale will be held Saturday, Oct. 20, 9 a.m.-5 p.m., at Victoria's historic Hiller House grounds, 3003 N. Vine St. To obtain tickets and more details about the tour, call 361-575-4581.

Lake Charles, LA: Southwest Louisiana Master Gardeners are hosting the 2012 State Master Gardener Conference in Lake Charles, LA, October 24-26, at L'auberge Resort. This event will bring together Master Gardeners, vendors, horticulture professionals and others with a common interest in all aspects of gardening. For more information and to register, visit http://www.lsuagcenter.com/en/lawn_garden/master_gardener/LMG+State+Conference/.

The Woodlands: Gardening 102: Beyond Basics features Cherie Foster Colburn and Mark Bowen on Saturday, October 27 from 9 a.m. to noon. With wit and wisdom homegrown gardening talents provide a guide to making landscapes more attractive, vibrant and sustainable. Cherie Foster Colburn, landscape designer, award-winning gardening author, shares “Bringing Your Garden Out of the Shadows.” Horticulturalist and gardening author, Mark Bowen, presents “Your Landscape Your Way, Naturally.” The free program and book signing will be held at 2801 Technology Forest Blvd., The Woodlands. Due to limited seating, reservations are required. Visit www.thewoodlandstownship-tx.gov/gardeningevents to reserve a spot or call 281-210-3800.

NOVEMBER

Ft. Worth: "Landscape Design" will be presented from 1 p.m. until 5 p.m., November 3, in Lonestar Room A & B at the Tarrant County Plaza Building, 200 Taylor St., Ft. Worth. Registration is $15. Advance reservations are preferred, but not required. For more information or to enroll, call 817-884-1945.

Bryan: Dr. Deb Tolman will present “Keyhole Gardening” at 8:30 a.m., Saturday, November 10, at SOS (Save Our Streets), 1700 Groesbeck Street, Bryan. Registration form: amgardenclub.com. Early registration is to be postmarked by October 20.

San Antonio: Green Spaces Alliance of South Texas will host a "Garden Design & Maintenance Workshop" at 9 a.m., November 17, at River Road Community Garden, San Antonio. For additional information, call 210-222-8430.

DECEMBER

Ft. Worth: "Individual Consultations" will be available from 10 a.m. until noon, December 1, in Lonestar Room A & B at the Tarrant County Plaza Building, 200 Taylor St., Ft. Worth. Registration is $15. Advance reservations are preferred, but not required. For more information or to enroll, call 817-884-1945.

MONTHLY MEETINGS

FIRST WEEK

Houston: The Harris County Master Gardeners meet at noon the first Tuesday of each month at the Texas AgriLife Extension, 3033 Bear Creek Drive (near the intersection of Highway 6 and Patterson Road), Houston. For additional information visit http://hcmga.tamu.edu or call 281-855-5600.

Wichita Falls: The Wichita County Master Gardener Association meets at 5:30 p.m. at the AgriLife Extension Office, 600 Scott Street, Wichita Falls, on the first Tuesday of each month. For more information, visit www.txmg.org/wichita or call 940-716-8610.

Kilgore: Northeast Texas Organic Gardeners meets at 1 p.m. on the first Wednesday of each month. For more information, call Carole Ramke at 903-986-9475.

Allen: The Allen Garden Club meets at 7 p.m. on the first Thursday of each month, February through December, at the Allen Heritage Center, 100 E. Main St., Allen. For more information, visit www.allengardenclub.org.

Brownwood: The Brown County Master Gardeners Association meets the first Thursday of each month from noon to 1 p.m. at the AgriLife Extension Office, 605 Fisk Ave., Brownwood. For further information, call Mary Green Engle at 325-784-8453.

Gonzalas: Gonzales Master Gardeners Association holds their monthly meeting on the first Thursday of each month. A short program is presented. The meeting is held from noon until 1 p.m. at 1405 Conway St. (Odd Fellows Lodge). Bring a bag lunch, drinks provided. Contact AgriLife Extension Office at 830-672-8531 or e-mail gonzales@ag.tamu.edu for more information.

SECOND WEEK

Austin: Austin Organic Gardeners meet at 7 p.m. on the second Monday of each month at the Zilker Botanical Gardens in Austin. For more information, visit www.main.org/aog.

Evant: The Evant Garden Club meets on the second Tuesday of each month at 10 a.m., usually at the bank in downtown Evant. To confirm the date, time and place of each month's meeting, call 254-471-5585.

Marion: The Guadalupe County (Schertz/Seguin) Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets on the second Tuesday of each month except July and August at The Library, 500 Bulldog, Marion. There is a plant exchange and meet-and-greet begins at 6:30 p.m. followed by the program at 7 p.m. Visitors are welcome. For more information or an application to join NPSOT visit www.npsot.org/GuadalupeCounty/ or contact guadalupecounty@npsot.org.

Jacksboro: The Jacksboro Garden Club meets at 9:30 a.m. the second Wednesday of each month (except June, July and August) at the Concerned Citizens Center, 400 East Pine Street, Jacksboro. For more information, call Melinda at 940-567-6218.

Longview: The Gregg County Master Gardeners Association meets the second Wednesday of each month from noon to 1 p.m. at the AgriLife Extension Office, 405 E. Marshall Ave., Longview. The public is invited to attend. There is an educational program preceding the business meeting. For further information call Cindy Gill at 903-236-8429 or visit www.gregg-tx.tamu.edu.

Rockport: The Rockport Herb & Rose Study Group, founded in March 2003, meets the second Wednesday of each month at 10 a.m. at 619 N. Live Oak Street, Room 14, Rockport, to discuss all aspects of using and growing herbs, including historical uses and tips for successful propagation and cultivation. Sometimes they take field trips and have cooking demonstrations in different locations. For more information, contact Linda 361-729-6037, Ruth 361-729-8923 or Cindy 979-562-2153 or visit www.rockportherbs.org and http://rockportherbies.blogspot.com.

Beaumont: The Jefferson County Master Gardeners meet at 7 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the AgriLife Extension Office, 1225 Pearl Street, Suite 200, Beaumont. For more information, call 409-835-8461.

Georgetown: The Williamson County Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. the second Thursday of each month at the Georgetown Public Library, 402 W. 8th Street. Georgetown. For additional information, contract Billye Adams at 512-863-9636 or visit http://www.npsot.org/WilliamsonCounty/default.htm.

Orange: The Orange County Master Gardeners Association holds their monthly meeting on the second Thursday of each month. A short program is presented. The meeting starts at 6:30 p.m. at the Salvation Army Bldg. cor. MLK & Strickland in Orange. Pot luck supper at 6 p.m. Visit http://txmg.org/orange for more information.

San Antonio: The San Antonio Herb Society meets at 7 p.m. on the second Thursday of each month at the San Antonio Garden Center, 3310 N. New Braunfels (corner of Funston & N. New Braunfels). For more information on programs, visit www.sanantonioherbs.org.

Angleton: The Brazoria County Master Gardeners meet at 11 a.m. on the second Friday of each month at the Brazoria County Extension Office, 21017 County Road 171, Angleton. There is a general business meeting followed by a brief educational program each month. For further information call 979-864-1558, ext.110.

College Station: The A&M Garden Club meets on the second Friday of each month during the school year at 9:30 a.m. in the training room of the College Station Waste Water Facility building at the end of North Forest Parkway, College Station. Expert speakers, plant sharing, and federated club projects help members learn about gardening in the Brazos Valley, floral design, conservation, and more. For more information, visit http://www.amgardenclub.com/.

Houston: The Spring Branch African Violet Club meets the second Saturday of each month, January through November, at 10:30am at the Copperfield Baptist Church, 8350 Highway 6 North, Houston. Call Karla at 281-748-8417 prior to attending to confirm meeting date and time.

Dallas: The Rainbow Garden Club of North Texas meets the second Sunday of each month at 2 p.m. Everyone is welcome. Meetings are held at member’s homes and garden centers around the area. For more information, visit www.RainbowGardenClub.com.

THIRD WEEK

Arlington: The Arlington Men's Garden Club meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. on the third Monday of each month (except December) at the Bob Duncan Center, 2800 S. Center Street, Arlington. For more information, contact Lance Jepson at LJepson@aol.com.

Cleburne: The Johnson County Master Gardeners meet at 2 p.m. on the third Monday of each month at McGregor House, 1628 W. Henderson, Cleburne, which includes a program and a meet & greet. For more information, call Sharon Smith at 817-894-7700.

Rockport: Monthly meetings of the Aransas/San Patricio Master Gardeners are held at 10 a.m. on the third Tuesday of each month at Texas AgriLife Extension Service - Aransas County Office, 892 Airport Rd., Rockport. For additional information, e-mail aransas-tx@tamu.edu or call 361-790-0103.

Sugar Land: The Sugar Land Garden Club meets on the third Tuesday of each month, September through November and January through April at 10 a.m. at the Sugar Land Community Center, 226 Matlage Way, Sugar Land. The club hosts a different speaker each month. For more information, visit www.sugarlandgardenclub.org.

Denton: The Denton Organic Society, a group devoted to sharing information and educating the public regarding organic principles, meets the third Wednesday of each month (except July, August and December) at the Denton Senior Center, 509 N. Bell Avenue. Meetings are free and open to the public. Meetings begin at 7 p.m. and are preceded by a social at 6:30. For more information, call 940-382-8551.

Glen Rose: The Somervell County Master Gardeners meet at 10 a.m., the third Wednesday of each month at the Somervell County AgriLife Extension office, 1405 Texas Drive, Glen Rose. Visitors are welcome. For more information, call 254-897-2809 or visit www.somervellmastergardeners.org.

Granbury: The Lake Granbury Master Gardeners meet at 1 p.m. on the third Wednesday of each month at the Hood County Annex 1, 1410 West Pearl Street, Granbury. The public is invited to attend. There is an educational program each month preceding the business meeting. For information on topics call 817-579-3280 or visit http://www.hoodcountymastergardeners.org/.

Seabrook: The Harris County Precinct 2 Master Gardeners hold an educational program at 10 a.m. on the third Wednesday of each month at The Meeting Room at Clear Lake Park (on the Lakeside), 5001 NASA Road 1, Seabrook. The programs are free and open to the public. For more information, visit http://hcmgap2.tamu.edu.

Brownwood: Brownwood Garden Club meets the third Thursday of each month, 11:30 a.m.– 1 p.m.  The club meetings are at Southside Baptist Church, 1219 Indian Creek Road, with refreshments and a speaker presentation. Visitors are welcome. For more information, email boeblingen@centex.net or call 817-454-8175).

Houston: The Native Plant Society of Texas — Houston (NPSOT-H) meets at 7 p.m. on the third Thursday of each month except for October (4th Thursday) and December (2nd Thursday). Location varies. For locations, for more information on programs, and for information about native plants for Houston, visit http://www.npsot.org/Houston.

Rosenberg: The Fort Bend Master Gardeners meet at 7 p.m. on the third Thursday of each month except December at the Bud O’Shieles Community Center located at 1330 Band Road, Rosenberg. For more information, call 281-341-7068 or visit www.fbmg.com.

Seguin: The Guadalupe County Master Gardeners meets at 7 p.m. the third Thursday of each month, except June and December, at the Texas AgriLife Extension Bldg. at 210 E. Live Oak, Seguin. An educational program precedes the business meeting. The public is invited to attend. For topic or other information, call 830-379-1972 or visit www.guadalupecountymastergardeners.org.

FOURTH WEEK

New Braunfels: The Comal Master Gardeners meet at 6 p.m. the fourth Monday of each month at the GVTC Auditorium, 36101 FM 3159, New Braunfels. For additional information, call 830-620-3440.

Atlanta: The Caddo Wildflower Chapter of Native Plants Society meets the fourth Tuesday of each month at the Horne Enterprise building in Atlanta at 7 p.m. Visitors are welcome. For additional information, contact Gene Bobo at gene.bobo@agnet.tamu.edu.

Brackenridge Park: The Native Plant Society San Antonio Chapter meets every fourth Tuesday of each month at 7 p.m. in the Lions Field Adult and Senior Center, 2809 Broadway at E. Mulberry, Brackenridge Park, except August and December. Social and seed/plant exchange at 6:30 p.m. Free and open to the public. For more information, contact Bea at 210-999-7292 or visit www.npsot.org/sanantonio.

Bryan: The Brazos County Master Gardeners, a program of Texas AgriLife Extension, meet the fourth Tuesday of the month at 7 p.m. at the Brazos Center, 3232 Briarcrest Drive, Bryan. There is a public gardening program at each meeting and pertinent information may be found at brazosmg.com or 979-823-0129.

Edna: The Jackson County Master Gardeners present their "Come Grown With Us" seminars on the fourth Tuesday of each month, January through October, beginning at 7 p.m. at 411 N. Wells, Edna. The seminars are free, open to the public and offer 2 CEU hours to Master Gardeners or others requiring them. For additional information, contact the Jackson County Extension Office at 361-782-3312.

Fort Worth: The Organic Garden Club of Forth Worth meets at 7 p.m. on the fourth Tuesday of each month except July and December at the Deborah Beggs Moncrief Garden Center, 3220 Botanic Blvd., Ft. Worth. Refreshments are served. For more information, call 817-263-9322 or visit www.ogcfw.webs.com.

San Antonio: The Native Plant Society of Texas San Antonio Chapter meets the fourth Tuesday of each month, except August and December, at the Lions Field Adult & Senior Center, 2809 Broadway, San Antonio. Social and plant/seed exchange at 6:30 p.m., program at 7:00 p.m. For more information, visit www.npsot.org/sanantonio or call Bea at 210-999-7292.

Houston: The Houston Chapter of the Native Prairie Association of Texas (HNPAT) meets from 7 p.m. until 8:30 p.m. the fourth Wednesday of each month at Bayland Park Community Center, 6400 Bissonnet, Houston. For more information, contact hnpat@prairies.orgrg.

Leander: The Leander Garden Club meets on the fourth Thursday of each month (except July and August) at 10:30 a.m. at the community room behind the Greater Texas Federal Credit Union,1300 N. Bell, Cedar Park, unless there is special event planned. Following a program and short business meeting, we share a pot-luck luncheon. To confirm the meeting place and time, please call president Cathy Clark-Ramsey at 512-963-4698 or email info@leandergc.org

Dallas: The Greater Dallas Organic Garden Club meets at 7:00 p.m. on the fourth Thurday of each month at the REI, 4515 LBJ Freeway, Dallas. For more information, call 214-824-2448 or visit www.gdogc.orgrg.

Arlington: The Arlington Organic Garden Club meets from 7 p.m. until 9 p.m. on the last Thursday of each month (except November and December) at the Bob Duncan Center, 2800 S. Center Street, Arlington. For more information, contact David at 817-483-7746.


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Texas Gardener’s Seeds is published weekly. © Suntex Communications, Inc. 2012. All rights reserved. You may forward this publication to your friends and colleagues if it is sent in its entirety. No individual part of this newsletter may be reproduced in any manner without prior written permission from the publisher.

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Publisher: Chris S. Corby ● Editor: Michael Bracken

Texas Gardener’s Seeds, P.O. Box 9005, Waco, Texas 76714 ● www.TexasGardener.com